Nepal is a country that everyone has heard about but doesn’t know much about. Nepal's mysterious land showcases its multi-inclusive race, rich culture, and natural beauty that inspires awe. Nepal can rightly be referred to as the land of sheer beauty and serenity. You will be stunned speechless with the mesmerizing sights of glorious frozen ranges of mountains, remarkable landscapes and placid lakes. But, there’s much more to Nepal than just that.
Here we present to you 13 amazing facts about Nepal that you probably didn’t know:
1. One of a Kind Flag
Nepal is the only country having a non-rectangular flag. It has a unique design of two merged triangles colored crimson with a blue border. The upper triangle consists of a white moon and the lower triangle consists of a white sun (signifying that until sun and moon remain so will Nepal).
The Nepalese calendar uses BS (Bikram Sambat) to label the years instead of using AD (Anno Domini) like the Gregorian calendar. Moreover, the Nepalese calendar is 67 years and 8.5 months ahead of the Gregorian calendar, hence they do not align. They celebrate their new year in mid-April.
3. Birthplace of Lord Buddha
Nepal is the land where the enlightened one Siddhartha Gautam Buddha was born. Buddha’s mother Mayadevi gave birth to him in Lumbini which has now become a pilgrimage site for Buddhists.
4.Amazon of Asia
Due to the variations in climatic conditions and topography, within an area of just 147,181 square kilometers Nepal has become home for many species of flora and fauna to survive and thrive here.Nepal has over 900 bird species, accounting for 8.9 per cent of the total bird species worldwide. It has 4.2 percent of the butterfly species in the world, and 3.96 percent of the mammal species in the world. It is rightfully called the Amazon of Asia.
5.Land of Extremities
The altitude ranges from 8848 meters ( the height of the world’s highest peak, Mt Everest) to 59 meters in the limited area of Nepal. Nepal is home to extreme places like the Tilicho lake ( lake situated in the highest altitude in the world), the deepest gorge Kali Gandaki, the tallest grasslands in Chitwan, the deepest lake Shey Phoksundo and the highest valley Arun valley
6.Living Goddess Kumari
Only in Nepal you will find a living girl child being worshipped as a goddess. It is a cultural practice carried out by the people of a dominant race called the Newar. It is believed that the girl child is a form of the goddess kumari and her term of divinity lasts until her menstruation starts. Then the people choose another girl child as the goddess kumari.
7.Independent Nation; Never colonized
Nepal is the only country that has never been under the power of an outsider. It has never been colonized. Hence, it has no independence day.
Nepal has the most heavily located World Heritage Sites. 7 of them are in Kathmandu valley alone and many more are scattered around the country showcasing its rich culture, history and heritage.
The major source of energy in Nepal is hydro-electricity. The swift flowing rivers in Nepal have the capacity of producing around 8000 Megawatt of power but have only been able to produce 600 Megawatt due to which Nepal also imports electricity to tend to the needs of its citizens.
10.Before Amsterdam Nepal was the weed capital
Along with many other specialties, Nepal has the perfect climatic conditions for marijuana to flourish. Marijuana plants can be spotted here and there (everywhere) like “weed”. It was legal until 1973 to consume it for recreational purposes. People in rural villages still use it to treat ailments and to relax.
11.Most dangerous Airport
Nepal has the most dangerous airport in the world known as the Lukla Airport. It is also known as the Tenzing-Hillary airport. It is one of the airports in the world having the shortest runway.
The Nepalese soldiers due to their bravery and skills shown in the battles of the Anglo-Gurkha war have been recruited in the British army for over 200 years. These are the soldiers that prevented the British from capturing Nepal.
People here greet others with a “namaste”, joining their hands together close to their chest. It is a gesture made to address the divine in the other person. This perspective in itself makes it special.