Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve


Per Person


Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a protected area in Nepal, located in the Terai region of the Saptari and Sunsari districts. It covers an area of 175 square kilometers and was established in 1976 to protect the habitat of the endangered wild water buffalo, also known as Arna in Nepal. The reserve is also home to a wide variety of other flora and fauna, including over 446 species of birds, as well as other mammals such as the spotted deer, hog deer, and blue bull. The reserve also offers visitors a chance to see the Gangetic dolphin. Visitors can engage in activities such as bird watching, jungle safari, and cultural tours of the local Tharu village. The reserve also offers accommodation options for tourists, including budget-friendly tents and camping sites.

Why Tourists visit Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve?

1.Wildlife Viewing: The reserve is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including the endangered wild water buffalo, also known as Arna, and over 446 species of birds. Visitors can take part in jungle safari tours to see these animals in their natural habitats.

2.Bird Watching: Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is particularly known for its bird watching opportunities, with over 446 species of birds found in the reserve, including the Sarus Crane, the Bengal Florican, and the Black-necked Stork.

3.Cultural Experience: The reserve offers cultural tours of the local Tharu village, allowing visitors to experience the traditional way of life and customs of the local people.

4.Adventure Activities: Visitors can also engage in activities such as fishing and river rafting in the reserve.

5.Scenery: The reserve also offers beautiful scenery, with lush forests, wetlands, and grasslands, and is a great place for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts.

6.Accommodation: The reserve offers a range of accommodation options, including budget-friendly tents and camping sites, making it an ideal destination for travelers of all budgets.

7.Relaxation: The reserve is a peaceful place to escape the hustle and bustle of the city and enjoy the natural beauty of the wilderness.

Dolphin watching: The reserve also offers a chance to see the Gangetic dolphin, a rare species found in the Koshi river.

How to reach Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve ?

1.By Air: The nearest airport to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is Biratnagar Airport, which is well connected to Kathmandu and other major cities in Nepal. From the airport, you can take a taxi or a bus to reach the reserve.

2.By Bus: Regular bus services are available from Kathmandu to Biratnagar, from where you can take a local bus or a jeep to reach the reserve.

3.By Car: You can also drive to the reserve from Kathmandu or other nearby cities. The drive is around 500 km and takes around 8-9 hours.

4.By Bike: This is not a popular way to reach the reserve but if you are an adventure seeker, you can take a bike ride from Kathmandu to the reserve.

Note that the reserve is located in the Eastern Terai region of Nepal, so the nearest major city to the reserve is Biratnagar. Once you reach Biratnagar, you will have to take a jeep or a bus to reach the reserve.


3nights/4days package program in Koshi Tappu national park including Transportation to Koshi Tappu National park, all jungle activities, accommodation, 3meals a day and national park entrance fee, English speaking nature guide etc.

Personal expenses, tipping, laundry, drinks, extra accommodation, extra activities etc..

Trip Itinerary


Day 1: Arrival

Arrival in the morning & brief introduction to the programme. Lunch. Ornithological Walk to see storks, ibeses, snipes, water fowl, birds of prey etc. Evening slideshow presentation on the Reserve's natural history followed by a Nepali dinner.


Day 2: Full day excursion

Early breakfast. Full day's excursion by boat & 4 wheel drive (with packed lunch) to see waders, water fowl, birds of prey, marsh crocodiles, otters, wild water buffalo and Gangetic dolphins. (Includes a visit to the Pink Tower.) Evening programme of traditional dance followed by BBQ meal.


Day 3: Bird watching

Bird watching in scrub forest, grasslands and wetlands habitats with packed lunch to see swamp partridges, black-necked storks, buntings, bulbuls, etc. Afternoon (either) continue bird watching (or) take an optional elephant ride to see Arna the wild water buffalo, blue bulls, hog deer, species of fish etc. Evening: stargazing followed by Chinese dinner.


Day 4: Bird watching. Farewell & departure.

Bird watching around the camp or leisure time. Breakfast. Farewells & departure.


Note: This itinerary can be customized as per situation.

Tour Location


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Clothing and Equipments

Certain basic trekking equipment is essential on all routes we described in this site. Depending on the area and season, we will provide you with a comprehensive list of necessities. Here is some recommended Equipments List for trekking in Nepal.


1. Boots

Lightweight walking boots. If new one is being bought, “walk then in” to avoid blisters. Also bring spare laces.

2. Track shoes

A pair of track shoes. To wear in the camp at night or when the boot is wet.

3. Jacket

Warm jacket. Fiber fills or down should be adequate. This is especially necessary during winter from December to February. A rainproof jacket with hood or a poncho. Get the one that is guaranteed waterproof.

4. Shirt and Sweaters

Woolen shirts and thick sweaters. During winter months, December through February these items are essential. Thick sweaters can be purchased in Kathmandu. 1 lightweight long sleeved -shirt is particularly suitable for avoiding sun burn.

5. Trousers

A pair of lightweight/ heavy weight trousers. Jeans are unsuitable to wear on treks. Cheap loose cotton pants are available in Kathmandu. Heavyweight trousers are useful higher up in the mountains in the morning and at night. Windproof/ waterproof trousers are necessary on all treks going above 10.00ft.

6. Underwear

Thermal underwear. These are excellent to sleep in at night in the winter months thermal underwear are quite invaluable.

7. Tracksuit

A tracksuit useful for wearing in camp and in the tent. 2 pair of loose fitting long shorts/ skirts.

8. Sleeping Bag

As you do not carry it yourself this may be synthetic or down, but it must be 4 season. As most treks pass through a variety of climatic conditions, a long zip is a good idea. A cotton/fleece liner helps keep your sleeping bag clean. Good sleeping bags are expensive but can be rented easily in Kathmandu (Only for treks starting and finishing there)

9. Sun Hat, SunCream/Block & Lip Salve

Choose a high factor suncream (Factor 20 or stronger) to protect your skin against the sun at high altitude. A combination sunblock/lip salve is ideal for facial protection.

10. Personal First Aid Kit

You should have your own supply of plasters, aspirin, diarrhea tablets and also a comprehensive blister kit. (Please do not give medicines to local people without consulting the trek leader.)

11. Hat/ Glove/ Sandle/ Shocks/ Underwear

a) A woolen hat to wear in the morning and at night. During winter it is an essential item.
b) A sunhat and ensure it has a wide brim to cover the face and neck.
b) A pair of gloves. Leather with lining and woolen are best. c) 1 pair of sandals to wear in the cities and in camp.
d) 4 pairs of thin and 4 pair of thick woolen socks.
e) Underwear” normal quantity and swimming costume, hankies.

Equipments and Accessories

a) Duffle bag or kit bag to carry to gear while trekking
b) Daypack: This is a small rucksack to carry personal requirement for the day e.g. toilet items, camera, film towel, soap, a boot etc.
c) Water bottle.
d) Snow glasses and sunglasses
e) 2-4 large plastic bags to separate clean clothes from dirty ones.
f) 6 -10 smaller plastic bags to dispose garbage.
g) Wallet and /or money belt with compartment for coins.
h) Toiletries with large and small towels. Toilet paper can buy in Kathmandu and some villages in the mountains.
i) Small headlamp and/ or torch with spare batteries and bulbs
j) candles and lighter to burn toilet paper.
k) Snow gaiters essential during wither and all treks going over at other times.
l) An umbrella (optional), which is quite useful to as a sunshade and useful when it rains.
m) Reading materials, camera and film, game items (optional), note book, rubber band, pen and pencil, envelopes, a diary, a calendar, a pocket knife, binoculars (optional), a small pillow or headrest (optional). Thermoses (optional)- an inflatable sleeping mat, trekking map, adequate quantities of passport photograph